Bruxism, or the grinding of teeth, is remarkably common in children and adults. For some children, this tooth grinding is limited to daytime hours, but nighttime grinding (during sleep) is most prevalent. Bruxism can lead to a wide range of dental problems, depending on the frequency of the behavior, the intensity of the grinding, and the underlying causes of the grinding. As bruising is now associate with Obstructive Sleep Apnea, we are more concerned with the overall health and possible negative side effects of that diagnosis.
What are some symptoms of bruxism?
In general, parents can usually hear intense grinding – especially when it occurs at nighttime. Subtle daytime jaw clenching and grinding, however, can be difficult to pinpoint. Oftentimes, general symptoms provide clues as to whether or not the child is bruxing, including:
Frequent complaints of headache.
Injured teeth and gums.
Loud grinding or clicking sounds.
Rhythmic tightening or clenching of the jaw muscles.
Unusual complaints about painful jaw muscles – especially in the morning.
Unusual tooth sensitivity to hot and cold foods.
How can bruxism damage my child’s teeth?
Bruxism is characterized by the grinding of the upper jaw against the lower jaw. Especially in cases where there is vigorous grinding, the child may experience moderate to severe jaw discomfort, headaches, and ear pain. Even if the child is completely unaware of nighttime bruxing (and parents are unable to hear it), the condition of the teeth provides your pediatric dentist with important clues.
First, chronic grinders usually show an excessive wear pattern on the teeth. If jaw misalignment is the cause, tooth enamel may be worn down in specific areas. In addition, children who brux are more susceptible to chipped teeth, facial pain, gum injury, and temperature sensitivity. In extreme cases, frequent, harsh grinding can lead to the early onset of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ).
What causes bruxism?
Recent studies show that Bruxism in small children can be a sign of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Please speak to the Drs and review your child's health history if they are bruising at night!
How is bruxism treated?
We may suggest that your child have a consultation with a pediatric ENT to rule our Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
If you have questions or concerns about bruxism or grinding teeth, please contact our office.